Parent company accounting principles

The financial statements of Tecnotree Oyj are prepared in accordance with the Finnish Accounting Act (1997/1336) and Ordinance (1997/1339) and with other legislation and regulations concerning financial statements. The financial statements are also prepared on a going concern basis. On 5 March 2015 Tecnotree Corporation filed an application for restructuring proceedings with the district court of Espoo, which the District Court confirmed the amended restructuring programme proposal on 15 November 2016. Additional information about the restructurng proceedings is given in note 20, and the basis for applying the going concern principle is disclosed in the accounting principles of the Group.

The consolidated financial statements of Tecnotree Corporation have been prepared in accordance with the going concern principle. This is justified on the following grounds:

Tecnotree’s business operations have been loss-making for several years. One key reason for this has been the decline in sales of old products and no corresponding decrease in operating expenses. In 2017 Tecnotree will continue to focus on stringent control of operating expenses while launching its new open source products.

Because the liquidity of the company continues to be extremely tight, its financial situation and liquidity remain critical. The amount of overdue trade payables has continued to increase and, according to the estimated cash flow, will be negative in Q2 2017.

At the time of publication of the financial statements, there is limited certainty about the 12-month sufficiency of long-term, short-term and working capital financing.

The company’s management and the Board of Directors have assessed the difficult financial situation and the company’s ability to continue operating. Based on their assessment, the management and Board of Directors consider it appropriate to prepare financial statements with regard to the continuity of the company’s operations. The assessment is based on an ongoing debt structuring payment plan and the streamlining of operations. Furthermore, the company is negotiating with financiers on short term additional funding to secure liquidity and is aggressively collecting its receivables. It is also seeking long-term external financing, which could be implemented through company or restructuring arrangements.

The continuation of Tecnotree's operations depends on the success of the above-described measures and the company's ability to continue complying with the payment program established in connection with the debt restructuring process. The continuation of the business thus involves substantial uncertainty.

The company is well underway in its own internal transformation journey of moving from a services company to a fully-fledged digital services product company. The advantage of a product company is that they attract exceptional talent, being able to sell license, which increases the revenue and enhances the cash inflows. Product companies have shorter revenue turnaround time which increases the revenue and cash flow. In addition to garnering top talent the necessary to continuously scale resources to deliver customized projects across the globe so that increased risk and costs are further eliminated.

Items denominated in foreign currencies

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the transaction dates. Foreign currency receivables and liabilities in the financial statements, including those hedged with derivative contracts, are translated into euros at the average exchange rate quoted by the European Central Bank on the closing date.

Exchange rate gains and losses relating to business operations are treated as adjustments to net sales or purchasing and manufacturing. Exchange rate gains and losses relating to financing operations are entered under financing income and expenses. Exchange rate gains and losses arising from the translation of balance sheet items are charged to the income statement.

Derivatives entered into by the company comprise currency forward contracts to hedge against changes in the cash flows from purchase and sales agreements denominated in foreign currencies. The company policy is to hedge the net foreign currency exposure over the following 12 months at a maximum.

Those derivatives entered into for hedging purposes are initially recognized at cost equivalent to their fair value. Subsequently derivatives are measured at fair value based on the forward rates quoted at the balance sheet date.

Exchange rate differences on derivative contracts made for hedging purposes are charged to the income statement under other operating income and expenses.

Net sales

At Tecnotree net sales comprise revenue recognized from project deliveries and goods and service deliveries from which indirect taxes, discounts and exchange rate differences have been deducted.

Revenue from project deliveries is mainly recognized according to the stage of completion. Project revenue and expenses are recognized in the income statement in proportion to the stage of completion on the balance sheet date, once the outcome of the project can be estimated reliably. The outcome of a project can be reliably estimated when the anticipated revenue and costs from the contract and the progress of the project can be estimated reliably and when it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the project will flow to the company.

The stage of completion of a project is determined for each contract by the proportion of the estimated total contract costs accounted for by the costs incurred for work performed to date (cost-to-cost method). The revenue recognition for the project will start when the outcome of the project can be estimated reliably. Typically this happens when the management has approved the project and the first delivery to the customer has been made. The stage of completion method of revenue recognition is based on estimates of the expected revenue and expenses associated with the contract and on estimating the progress of the project. The cost estimates for the projects are monitored quarterly in the management’s revenue review and the revenue and expenses recognized in the income statement are revised in the estimates of the outcome of the project change. The accumulated effect due to the change in the estimates is recognized in the period when the change is known for the first time and its amount can be estimated.

If the outcome of the project cannot be estimated reliably, revenue is only recognized to the extent of project costs incurred. This method of recognition is typically applied in first delivery projects for new products or when a delivery project contains a significant amount of customisation for individual customers. The margin on the project is recognized on final acceptance.

A project is considered onerous if its costs exceed total project revenue. The expected loss is recognized as an expense immediately.

Revenue from the sale of products and services is recognized when the significant risks and benefits of ownership have been transferred to the buyer and when the amount of the revenue can be measured reliably and it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the enterprise. The revenue from services is recognized when the service has been rendered. Supplementary deliveries such as maintenance, licences, training, documentation and spare parts are examples of goods and service deliveries. Revenue from fixed-term maintenance contracts is normally recognized over the contract period on a straight-line basis.

Pension plans

Statutory pension and supplementary pension obligations in Finland are covered through payments to pension insurance organisations. Expenses related to pension arrangements are recognized in the income statement in the period on the accrual basis.


Leasing payments have been entered as rentals. Contractual leasing fees remaining on the balance sheet date are presented in the financial statements under contingent liabilities.

Research and development expenses

Research and development expenses are expensed as incurred, apart from machinery purchases, which are depreciated over three years on a straight-line basis.

Valuation of inventories

Inventories are valued using the FIFO principle at the lowest of acquisition cost, repurchase price and probable selling price.

Valuation of non-current assets

Non-current assets have been capitalised at the acquisition cost. Planned depreciation and amortization is calculated on a straight-line basis over the useful life of the fixed assets. The periods for planned depreciation and amortization are as follows:

  • Intangible rights 3-10 years
  • Other long-term expenditure 5 years
  • Buildings and structures 25 years
  • Machinery and equipment 3-5 years
  • Computing hardware and software 3-5 years

Derivative financial instruments

The derivative contracts entered into by the Company are currency forward contracts and options as well as interest rate swaps. The derivative contracts are fair valued. The fair value is determined by using market rates of the counterparty for instruments with similar maturity. Gains and losses arising from changes in the fair values are recognised in the income statement in the period in which they arise.