5. Employee benefit expenses

EUR 1,000 2016 2015



Wages and salaries -27,874 -27,552
Pension expenses, defined contribution plans -1,835 -1,768
Pension expenses, defined benefit plans (note 21) -199 -187
Share based compensation (incentive scheme)
-7
Other long-term employee benefit expenses (note 23) -375 -581
Other employee benefits -3,345 -3,393
Employee benefit expenses total *) -33,629 -33,488



*) Employee benefit expenses include one-time costs 2016 EUR 2.3 million (EUR 0.3 million 2015)




Information about management compensation is presented in note 28.


Average number of employees

Finland 108 95
Ireland 37 48
Other Europe 1 3
India 617 688
Other East and Southeast Asia 4 3
Middle-East 72 51
Latin America 57 62
Total 895 950






The group has no effective option series anymore at the end of 2016. In the income statement for 2015, expenses of EUR 7 thousand were recorded for earning period 2013.