10. Income taxes

EUR 1,000 2016 2015



Current taxes -413 -802
Withholding taxes paid abroad -4,456 -6,334
Change in withholding tax accrual (note 23) 4,278 -2,359
Taxes for previous accounting periods -11 -1,363
Change in deferred tax assets (note 15) -33 -371
Change in deferred tax liabilities (note 15)
3,827
Dividend tax paid on intra-group dividends
-172
Income taxes total -635 -7,574






Reconciliation of effective tax rate


Income tax reconciliation between tax expense computed at statutory rates in Finland (2016 and 2015: 20.0 per cent) and income tax expense is presented below.


Profit before taxes -5,621 7,811



Income tax using Finnish tax rates 1,124 -1,562
Effect of different tax rates applied to foreign subsidiaries 3,981 -908
Non-deductible expenses and tax-free income -5,551 546
Withholding taxes -178 -6,735
Taxes of prior periods -11 -1,363
Utilisation of previously unrecognised tax losses
10
Unrecognised deferred tax assets on research and development costs not deducted for tax purposes
-1,733
Deferred tax liabilities on undistributed profits of a foreign subsidiary
3,655
Other capital allowances
516
Taxes in income statement -635 -7,574